Forestry Adaptation and Mitigation in a Changing Climate: A forest resource manager’s guide for the northeastern United States.

Author(s): John S. Gunn, John M. Hagan, Andrew A. Whitman

Source: Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences Report NCI-2009-1. Brunswick, Maine. | Type: Report | Year: 2009

In this report, we lay out a framework for understanding potential impacts of climate change on forestry. This framework draws on a review of recommended actions from forest managers and scientists throughout Canada, the US, and Europe. We then present a toolbox of practices that forest managers in the northeastern US might apply to reduce exposure to the immediate and long-term risk from climate change.'s_guide_for_the_northeastern_United_States

Climate Change and Conservation: A Primer for Assessing Impacts and Advancing Ecosystem-based Adaptation in The Nature Conservancy

Author(s): Craig Groves, Mark Anderson, Carolyn Enquist, Evan Girvetz, Trevor Sandwith, Loring Schwarz, Rebecca Shaw

Source: The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA. | Type: Manual / Guide | Year: 2010

Scarcely a day passes when we don’t hear or read about a new impact of climate change on the  environment. Conservancy scientists, practitioners, and managers now find themselves  wrestling with how to best adapt our conservation work to a changing climate. Not long ago,  many environmental and conservation organizations were reluctant to focus on adaptation over  concerns that they would risk drawing attention away from mitigation efforts. This is no longer  the case. There is an enormous amount of attention now being paid to adaptation as evidenced  by a proliferation of web sites, scientific publications, books, and conferences that address the  topic.  At the same time, knowledge about impact assessments and adaptation, especially  ecosystem‐based adaptation, is highly variable across The Nature Conservancy, and even in the  best staffed programs, this is a difficult field with which to stay up‐to‐date. This primer is  intended to provide all Conservancy staff with an introduction to climate impacts and  ecosystem‐based adaptation, a review of basic definitions, updates on new conservation  planning approaches that incorporate adaptation, tools and resources to assist in impact  analyses and strategy identification, an overview of ecosystem‐based adaptation in the policy  arena, and summary information on adaptation approaches.

Conserving Freshwater and Coastal Resources in a Changing Climate

Author(s): Elizabeth Grubin, Abigail Hardy, Regina Lyons, Amelia Schmale, Takeo Sugii. Edited by Mark P. Smith and Lisa Hayden (The Nature Conservancy).

Source: Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning Program, Tufts University. | Type: | Year: 2009

Conserving biodiversity under climate change: the rear edge matters

Author(s): Arndt Hampe, Rémy J. Petit

Source: Ecology Letters. 8(5): 461–467. | Type: Article | Year: 2005

We review recent findings from the fossil record, phylogeography and ecology to illustrate that rear edge populations are often disproportionately important for the survival and evolution of biota. Their ecological features, dynamics and conservation requirements differ from those of populations in other parts of the range, and some commonly recommended conservation practices might therefore be of little use or even counterproductive for rear edge populations.

Climate Change Adaptation Strategies for Resource Management and Conservation Planning

Author(s): Joshua J. Lawler

Source: Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1162: 79–98. | Type: | Year: 2009

Recent rapid changes in the Earth’s climate have altered ecological systems around the globe. Global warming has been linked to changes in physiology, phenology, species distributions, interspecific interactions, and disturbance regimes. Projected future climate change will undoubtedly result in even more dramatic shifts in the states of many ecosystems. These shifts will provide one of the largest challenges to natural resource managers and conservation planners. Managing natural resources and ecosystems in the face of uncertain climate requires new approaches. Here, the many adaptation strategies that have been proposed for managing natural systems in a changing climate are reviewed. Most of the recommended approaches are general principles and many are tools that managers are already using. What is new is a turning toward a more agile management perspective. To address climate change, managers will need to act over different spatial and temporal scales. The focus of restoration will need to shift from historic species assemblages to potential future ecosystem services. Active adaptive management based on potential future climate impact scenarios will need to be a part of everyday operations. And triage will likely become a critical option. Although many concepts and tools for addressing climate change have been proposed, key pieces of information are still missing. To successfully manage for climate change, a better understanding will be needed of which species and systems will likely be most affected by climate change, how to preserve and enhance the evolutionary capacity of species, how to implement effective adaptive management in new systems, and perhaps most importantly, in which situations and systems will the general adaptation strategies that have been proposed work and how can they be effectively applied.

Climate Adaptation: Mainstreaming in existing Conservation Plans

Author(s): John Morrison

Source: World Wildlife Fund. | Type: Article | Year: 2011

A comprehensive review of climate adaptation in the United States: more than before, but less than needed

Author(s): Rosina Bierbaum, Joel B. Smith, Arthur Lee, Maria Blair, Lynne Carter, F. Stuart Chapin III, Paul Fleming, Susan Ruffo, Missy Stults, Shannon McNeeley, Emily Wasley, Laura VerduzcoRosina Bierbaum, Joel B. Smith, Arthur Lee, Maria Blair, Lynne Carter, F. Stuart Chapin III, Paul Fleming, Susan Ruffo, Missy Stults,

Source: Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change. 18:361–406. | Type: Review | Year: 2012

We reviewed existing and planned adaptation activities of federal, tribal, state, and local governments and the private sector in the United States (U.S.) to understand what types of adaptation activities are underway across different sectors and scales throughout the country.

Climate Change Adaptation Toolkit

Author(s): Samantha Eyre, Stephanie Niall, Fiona Silke, Suzi Young

Source: NetBalance Foundation, Australia. | Type: Manual / Guide | Year: 2013

The impacts of climate change are already being experienced in our community from heat waves and intense bushfires to devastating floods. Despite adaptation being discussed for a number of years, organisations are still grappling with how best to respond to this complex problem.

Net Balance, in collaboration with RMIT and the City of Greater Geelong, has developed an Adaptation toolkit. The Toolkit will assist organisations to prioritise their climate risks and adaptation actions and make climate change risk consideration a part of their everyday operations.

Based on practical experience, the Toolkit takes organisations beyond risk assessments – exploring implications of uncertainty on risk and adaptation actions and supports embedding climate change within the decision making processes.

The Toolkit aims to support organisations to:

  • Integrate adaptation and support effective and efficient risk management
  • Be more responsive to climate change shocks and trends form linkages across different work areas, internally and externally
  • Make effective and consistent decisions regarding climate change.

The Toolkit consists of three tools, stepping the user through key considerations of climate change risks, and potential adaptation actions.

Tool 1: Exploring the Risk Context – explores in detail key climate change risks previously identified. The tool explores the interaction between the risk and their broader social, economic and environmental context. It also outlines a process for considering, overcoming or accepting, and documenting the uncertainty associated with each relevant climate change risks.

Tool 2: Developing Adaptation Actions – provides a process for identifying, exploring and evaluating adaptation options, to assist organisations to prioritise actions.

Tool 3: Screening for Climate Change Interactions – outlines a process for decision makers across an organisation to consider any interactions between a new proposal/project and climate change risks and adaptation actions.

A Survey of Climate Change Adaptation Planning

Author(s): Bill Perkins, Dennis Ojima, Robert Corell

Source: The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment. Washington, DC. | Type: Review | Year: 2007

In the past few years there has been a remarkable increase in the level of awareness of climate change worldwide. Concerns about causes and effects have moved beyond the realm of scientific debate to the offices of legislators and the conference rooms of city planners, and even to the living rooms of people everywhere. As evidence accumulates that a warming planet will cause widespread and mostly harmful effects, scientists and policy makers have proposed various mitigation strategies that might reduce the rate of climate change. For those officials in government who must plan now for an uncertain future, however, strategies for adapting to climate change are equally important.

A review of forestry mitigation and adaptation strategies in the Northeast U.S.

Author(s): Alexander M. Evans, Robert Perschel

Source: Climatic Change. 96:167–183. | Type: Review | Year: 2008

The forests of the Northeast U.S. will be significantly affected by climate change, but they also play a role in mitigating climate change by sequestering CO2. Forest management decisions can increase forests’ resilience and ability to adapt to altered precipitation and temperature patterns. At the same time, management strategies that increase carbon storage will help reduce climate disruptions. Because of climate change, foresters on managed lands should take into account changes in species composition, more frequent disturbances, potential changes in growth rates, and distorted insect and disease dynamics. Silvicultural prescriptions should emphasize low impact logging techniques, the perpetuation of structural complexity, legacy trees, extended rotations, and uneven aged management systems where appropriate. In order to maintain resilience as well as to store carbon, forests should be protected from land use conversion.