Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: A review of 22 years of recommendations

Author(s): Nicole E. Heller, Erika S. Zavaleta

Type: Report | Year: 2008

Climate change creates new challenges for biodiversity conservation. Species ranges and ecological dynamics are already responding to recent climate shifts, and current reserves will not continue to support all species they were designed to protect. These problems are exacerbated by other global changes. Scholarly articles recommending measures to adapt conservation to climate change have proliferated over the last 22 years. We systematically reviewed this literature to explore what potential solutions it has identified and what consensus and direction it provides to cope with climate change.

Beyond Kyoto: Forest Management in a Time of Rapid Climate Change

Author(s): Reed F. Noss

Type: Article | Year: 2001

Policies to reduce global warming by offering credits for carbon sequestration have neglected the effects of forest management on biodiversity. I review properties of forest ecosystems and management options for enhancing the resistance and resilience of forests to climate change. Although forests, as a class, have proved resilient to past changes in climate, today’s fragmented and degraded forests are more vulnerable. Adaptation of species to climate change can occur through phenotypic plasticity, evolution, or migration to suitable sites, with the latter probably the most common response in the past.

Assessment & Planning for Ecological Connectivity: A Practical Guide

Author(s): Keith Aune, Paul Beier, Jodi Hilty, Fraser Shilling

Source: Wildlife Conservation Society | Type: Manual / Guide | Year: 2011

Assessing species vulnerability to climate change

Author(s): Michela Pacifici et al.

Type: Article | Year: 2015

The effects of climate change on biodiversity are increasingly well documented, and many methods have been developed to assess species’ vulnerability to climatic changes, both ongoing and projected in the coming decades. To minimize global biodiversity losses, conservationists need to identify those species that are likely to be most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. In this Review, we summarize different currencies used for assessing species’ climate change vulnerability. We describe three main approaches used to derive these currencies (correlative, mechanistic and trait-based), and their associated data requirements, spatial and temporal scales of application and modelling methods. Read More >

Approaches to Evaluating Climate Change Impacts on Species: A Guide to Initiating the Adaptation Planning Process

Author(s): Erika L. Rowland, Jennifer E. Davison,

Type: Manual / Guide | Year: 2011

Assessing the impact of climate change on species and associated management objectives is a critical initial step for engaging in the adaptation planning process. Multiple approaches are available. While all possess limitations to their application associated with the uncertainties inherent in the data and models that inform their results, conducting and incorporating impact assessments into the adaptation planning process at least provides some basis for making resource management decisions that are becoming inevitable in the face of rapidly changing climate.

The application of a hierarchical, decision-support system to evaluate multi-objective forest management strategies: a case study in northeastern British Columbia, Canad

Author(s): Seely et al

Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 199(2-3): 283-305. | Type: Example / Case Study | Year: 2004

ncreases in the environmental awareness of global consumers coupled with pressure from regional stakeholders has forced forest managers to demonstrate the potential implications of forest management activities for a broad range of indicators. This paper describes the construction and application of a hierarchical decision-support system for evaluating multi-objective management options for a 288,000 ha forest in northeastern British Columbia. The decision-support system includes a stand-level model, a forest estate model, a habitat model and a visualization model.

Adaptation Strategies Guide for Water Utilities

Author(s): EPA

Source: EPA 817-K-11-003. Office of Water, United States Environmental Protection Agency. Washington, DC. | Type: Manual / Guide | Year: 2012

Adapting your system and operations to climate change challenges requires consideration and planning. How­
ever, adaptation planning is not necessarily a new effort, distinct from other utility practices. Because adapta­tion strategies can often provide multiple benefits, adaptation planning can be integrated into emergency response planning, capacity development, capital investment planning, water supply and demand planning, conservation practices, and infrastructure maintenance.

Adaptation to Climate Change in the Transport Sector: A Review

Author(s): Klaus Eisenack, Rebecca Stecker, Diana Reckien, Esther Hoffmann

Source: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. Potsdam, Germany | Type: Review | Year: 2011

The paper identifies the literature that deals with adaptation to climate change in the transport
sector by means of an extensive search, and presents a systematic review of the publications. Although it is frequently claimed that this socially and economically important sector is particularly vulnerable to climate change, there is comparatively little research into adaptation by industry, utilities and settlements. The 63 sources we found are analysed following an action theory of adaptation that distinguishes different adaptational functions. A very heterogeneous set of adaptations is identified and the actors and means of adaptation are classified by an open coding procedure. The paper shows that a broad diversity of actors is relevant for adaptation in the transport sector – ranging from transportation service providers to public and private sector actors and private households. Most adaptations discussed in the literature require inputs in the form of technical means, institutional means, and knowledge. The review shows that the existing iterature either focuses on overly general and vague proposals, or on detailed technical measures. The paper
concludes that the knowledge on adapting transport to climate change is still in a stage of infancy
and suggests fields for further research.

Adaptation to climate change in forest management

Author(s): David L. Spittlehouse, Robert B. Stewart

Source: BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management. 4(1) | Type: Report | Year: 2003

Adapting to Climate Change – A Risk-based Guide for Local Governments

Author(s): Robert A. Black, James P. Bruce, Mark Egene

Type: Manual / Guide | Year: 2010

Adapting to climate change may be one of the greatest challenges facing northern communities during the next century. This Guide has been written to primarily to assist local and regional governments understand the risks of predicted climate impacts and how to manage them. The Guide should also be useful for health officials, emergency managers, and businesses.

Risk management is a process for selecting the best course of action in uncertain situations. It does this by helping us identify, understand, analyze and communicate about risks. The Guide follows the framework for risk management described in the Canadian national standard “Risk Management: Guidelines for Decision-makers” (CAN/CSA- Q850-01)